B12 is an important, water-soluable vitamin that plays an essential role in the production of our red blood cells and DNA, as well as the proper functioning of our nervous system. As reported in the Wall Street Journal in 2019, "B-12 deficiency is a relatively common disorder that affects millions of people in the U.S."
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid or ascorbate) is a powerful antioxidant, useful for the reduction of free radical activity & is required for the biosynthesis of collagen, l-carnitine, and some neurotransmitters. Humans have a mutated gene encoding for ascorbate biosynthesis, making vitamin C an essential nutrient to prevent deficiency.
Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that regulates some 1,000 processes in the body, and doctors have long known its importance to bone density and preventing the related illnesses like rickets and osteoporosis.
Calcium gluconate is the calcium salt of gluconic acid, an intravenous medication used to treat conditions arising from calcium deficiencies. It has been in use since the 1920s & is registered on the World Health Organization's list of Essential Medicines, as one of the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.
Vitamin A deficiency impairs innate immunity by impeding normal regeneration of mucosal barriers damaged by infection, and by diminishing the function of neutrophils, macrophages, and natural killer cells. Vitamin A is also required for adaptive immunity and plays a role in the development of T both-helper (Th) cells and B-cells. In particular, vitamin A deficiency diminishes antibody-mediated responses directed by Th2 cells.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that plays a role in your immune system & metabolic processes. While most people get their vitamin E from diet, people with certain disorders, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis & Crohn's disease may need extra vitamin E. In addition, Vitamin E has the ability to protect cells from free radical damage as well as stop the production of free radical cells entirely.
B Complex (aka B100)
Vitamins B1, B2, B3, and biotin participate in different aspects of energy production, vitamin B6 is essential for amino acid metabolism, and vitamin B12 and folic acid facilitate steps required for cell division. Prolonged use has also been shown to increase remission and prevent onset of clinically significant symptoms of depression.
Glutathione, an amino acid that is produced in the liver, is the body’s most essential antioxidant, and its ability to neutralize free radicals in cells and aids in detoxification processes has highlighted it as a promising therapeutic for a wide range of diseases and disorders.
Magnesium is the fourth most common positively charged ion in the body, playing a key role in hundreds of physiologic processes. Since 1996, numerous clinical studies, review articles and meta-analyses have been published for its benefits concerning analgesia (pain relief) & muscle relaxation.
Biotin (aka Vitamin B7) helps our bodies maintain heart, nerve, digestive and metabolic processes. Studies have shown up to a 25% increase in nail thickness among healthy adults, as well as a dramatic increase in hair health in children and dramatic improvements in rash or dermatitis as well as alopecia in infants.
Vitamin K helps to make various proteins that are needed for blood clotting and the building of bones. Prothrombin & Osteocalcin are Vitamin K dependant proteins that are required to produce health bone tissue and blood clotting.
Folic Acid is a member of the B Vitamin family, utilized as a synthetic form that is added to food or used as an ingredient in vitamin supplements. While the body absorbs folic acid faster than folate (the form naturally found in fruits, vegetables & grains) it must convert to folate before it can get to work shutting single carbon atoms & the attached hydrogens & oxgens from one checmical compound to another. This makes folate a key player in essential cell functions.